Lovenox is a prescription blood thinner approved for adults. The specific uses of Lovenox include the treatment and prevention of blood clots, as well as the prevention of certain complications after cardiac events. It works by slowing down clot formation, allowing the body to break down blood clots naturally. Some off-label uses include managing clotting disorders during pregnancy and replacing warfarin for certain people.
Lovenox® (enoxaparin sodium) is an injectable anticoagulant medication, commonly known as a "blood thinner." It is approved to prevent and treat blood clots, and also to prevent certain complications after heart attacks (or other similar heart-related events).
Lovenox is approved to both treat and prevent blood clots deep in the veins of the body, known medically as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT clots typically occur in the legs or hips. It can be especially dangerous if the clot dislodges and travels to the lungs, where it may cause a pulmonary embolism (PE).
Specifically, Lovenox is approved to prevent DVT blood clots in people who are:
- Undergoing abdominal (stomach) surgery and have a high risk for blood clots
- Undergoing hip replacement, both during and following hospitalization
- Undergoing knee replacement surgery
- Acutely ill who are at risk for clots due to immobility, such as people in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Lovenox is also approved to treat DVT after it has already happened. It can be used either in the hospital or outside of the hospital in people who have just had DVT. However, if the more serious complication of a pulmonary embolism has occurred, Lovenox should be received only in the hospital.